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Guide to the Optimal Age to Desex Dogs

when to desex a dog

Are you considering desexing your Dog? 

Recent Australian veterinary advice has shed light on the ideal timing for this important decision. At Jordan Dog Training, we want you to make informed choices for your beloved pet. 

Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the desexing journey. Please always consult your dogs vet for full and thorough advice on if you should desex your dog and if so at what age.

Male Dogs: When to Desex

Desexed Before 6 Months

  • Pros: Reduced risk of sex-related behavioral issues (e.g., marking, mounting).
  • Cons: Slightly increased risk of certain cancers like osteochondroma, transitional cell carcinoma, prostatic adenoma, and hemangiosarcoma. Some may exhibit fear and dominance-based aggression.

Desexed After 1 Year/Not Desexed

  • Pros: Decreased rates of hip dysplasia and cranial cruciate ligament rupture, especially in large breeds like Golden Retrievers and German Shepherds.
  • Cons: Intact males over 4 years old may have a 75-80% chance of benign prostatic hypertrophy, an increased risk of testicular cancer, a slight increase in diabetes risk, but reduced immune disorders and hypothyroidism.

Female Dogs: When to Desex

Desexed Before 6 Months

  • Pros: Reduced risk of sex-related behavioral issues.
  • Cons: Increased rates of estrogen-responsive urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections. Slight increase in certain cancers like osteosarcoma, transitional cell carcinoma, and hemangiosarcoma. More behavioral issues like anxiety, storm phobia, and separation anxiety.

Desexed After Puberty/Up to 1 Year

  • Pros: Decreased chronic vaginitis and vulvar dermatitis. Reduced cranial cruciate rupture in large breeds like German Shepherds and Golden Retrievers.
  • Cons: Increased risk of mammary cancer; risk escalates with each heat cycle.

Left Entire/Not Desexed

  • Cons: Higher risk of ovarian cancer and uterine infections.

Remember, while this guide provides valuable insights, consulting with your dog’s vet is essential to tailor the best desexing plan for your unique dog. Make informed decisions with guidance for you dogs vet for the health and happiness of your four-legged family member. Your dog’s vet will provide personalised advice based on your dog’s breed, age, and health status, ensuring the best outcome for your cherished pet.

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Justin Jordan Trainer

Justin Jordan

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